Sunday, August 2, 2015

Experiential Family Therapy

Techniques
Use of touch or connection to demonstrate empathy/compassion and “not-so-friendly” touch

Co-therapy to balance out transference and prevent being inducted (drawn into families)

Uses of self as catalyst of change
o Don’t leave the family to work it out
o Encourage them to share what they are feeling with each other when you see something going on inside one of them

Family Sculpting
o Can be used to demonstrate current family interactions or past members of the family to arrange others
o Graphic means of portraying each person’s perceptions of the family and his/her place in it
o Virginia Satir uses ropes and blind folds to dramatize constricting roles families get trapped into

Family puppet interviews
o Make up a story using puppets as a vehicle for highlighting conflicts and alliances
o This can be difficult to use, resistance is often found as adults struggle to tell a story

Family art therapy
o Produce a series of drawings
o Joint family scribble- each person makes a quick scribble and everyone incorporates their own
o Conjoint family drawings- warm families up and free them to express themselves
■ Draw a picture of how you see yourself as a family
■ Reflect on disclosure of perceptions that haven’t been discussed
■ May stimulate person drawing to realize something once unrealized.

Gestalt therapy techniques
o Empty chair
■ Speak to another or oneself in an opposing chair
■ Whitaker- Psychotherapy as Absurd
• Augmenting the reasonable qualities of patients response to absurdity (calling one’s bluff) like sarcastic teasing.
• Hope is that patients will get objective distance by participating in the therapist distancing
• Danger that patients will feel made fun of or hurt

Role Playing
o Experience, in order to be real, must be brought to life in the present
o Recollection of past events and consideration of hoped for or feared future events can be immediate by role- play.