Sunday, March 29, 2015

Codes of ethics

Ethics= the study of what constitutes good and bad human conduct, including related actions and values. Ethical practice by a therapist is when a therapist has good moral sense, follows the code of ethics, is up to date on the existing laws that impact their clients, and have good clinical expertise.

Professional code of ethics functions Define the role of the profession
o Codes express dominant morality of the field
o Define values and goals of the profession.
o Define the standards that both the professionals and users of the professionals services can expect in professional interactions.
Ethical codes guide the conduct of profession and can provide specific guidance about conduct in form of advice or mandates.

Moral Foundations Autonomy- people are allowed the freedom of choice and action.
Nonmaleficence- above all else, therapist will do no harm.
Justice- humans should be treated fairly with equal distribution of good or bad.
Fidelity- value of honoring commitments and promoting trust.
Veracity- importance of truth telling
Beneficence- refers to promoting good.

Malpractice claims- legal actions taken against therapist for actions that are believed to fall below the appropriate standard of care and cause injury to client

Common types of malpractice include: Misdiagnosis
Practicing outside area of competence.
Failure to obtain informed consent treatment
Negligent or improper treatment
Physical contact or sexual relationships with patient
Failure to prevent patient from harming themselves or others
Improper release of hospitalized patients
Failure to consult another practitioner or refer a patient
Failure to supervise students/interns
Abandonment of patients