Friday, February 20, 2015

Multicultural Family Counseling- Clinical Implications

■ Therapists must recognize the fact that helping can take many forms
o It is important to modify goals and techniques to fit the needs of the minority population.

■ It is important to assess the importance of ethnicity to clients and families.
o Therapists must be aware that acculturation is an important process and that it has the most impact for the children in the family.
o Many tensions and conflicts between the younger generation and their elders are related to culture conflicts.
o Conflicts are not pathological but rather normal responses to a transition.

■ The role of the family therapists cannot be confined to culture-bound rules that dictate a narrow set of roles and behaviors.
o Effective multicultural family counseling may including validating and strengthening ethnic identity and increases awareness of natural client support systems
o The therapist may serve as a cultural broker- aware of disadvantages and advantages of being in the same or different ethnic group as the client
o Therapist does not need to feel the need to know everything about the minority ethnic group
o Therapist must be careful not to polarize ethnic issues

■ Therapists must accept the idea that the family therapist must be creative in the development of appropriate interventions when working with the minority population of families
o Subtlety and indirectness may be called for
o Formality in addressing members of the family, especially the father may be more appropriate
o Sometimes, a more interactional approach rather than a goal oriented approach must take place.
o Approaches are determined by a system of factors.