Sunday, December 21, 2014

Non-standardized Assessment Tests

Genograms
* First developed and popularized in clinical settings by Monica McGoldrick and Randy Gerson.
* Developed principally within the context of Murray Bowen’s intergenerational family systems theory, genograms offer an efficient and effective process for explaining repetitive behaviors and patterns.
* Essentially, genograms are graphic representations of an individual’s extended family that typically cross at least three generations.
* Use of genograms implies a respect for intergenerational family experiences as historical antecedents to contemporary areas of strength and difficulty.
* Most genograms include basic information about number of families, number of children in each family, birth order, and deaths. Some genograms include information on disorders running in the family such as alcoholism, depression, diseases, alliances, and living situations.
* Genograms reflect an individual’s point of view. Although most members of a family agree on the basics of a family tree, there may be major differences when describing the relationships among family members.
* Interpretation is influenced by the creator of the Genogram. There is no absolute “right” Genogram for one family. Different family members may have differing perspectives on the relationships in the family and may therefore construct genograms of the same family very differently.

Scaling Questions
* Used primarily in Solution Focused Brief Therapy.
* Used to track differences and progress in the client.
* Helpful in prioritizing goals.
* Ranges of a scale can be defined in each time a question is made.
* Typically range from worst (zero) to the best (ten).
* Client may rate same question repeatedly as therapy progresses.
* Client may be asked to identify times when the client felt lower on the scale.
* Establishing goals or generating solutions comes from having the client identify what a higher score will look like for them and what they need to get there.
* Strength focused questions include “What have to done to get to this (higher) score?” “What has stopped you from slipping one point lower down the scale?"
* Exception questions include “Have you ever been higher on the scale?” “What is different on the days when you are one point higher on the scale?” “How would tell you that it was a 'one point higher' day?"
* Future focus questions include “Where on the scale would be good enough for you?” “What would a day at that point on the scale look like?"