Sunday, November 23, 2014

Infertility

Infertility- inability to conceive during one year of sexual intercourse without the use of contraception, or the inability to carry a pregnancy to live birth.

There are two kinds of infertility diagnoses:
Primary infertility - couples who have never had a child
Secondary infertility - couples who are unable to conceive or to achieve a live birth after having previous children.

Male infertility
Lifestyle habits can markedly affect the quality of the semen.
o Alcohol can damage sperm-producing tissue.
o Tobacco decreases sperm survival and function.
o Diet and vitamins have been researched to affect sperm production.
o Sexual practices can be altered to increase fertility.
• Abstinence periods of three to four days produce larger semen quantities and greater viability.
• Certain common lubricants such as KY jelly, lotions, and oils can kill sperm and decrease fertility.

Female Infertility
Can often lead to profound distress for women and may affect sexual functioning in couple’s relationship and is associated with a wide range of factors:
o Physical- hormonal, anatomical, genetic, immune system
o Psychological- denial, grief, helplessness, anger, anxiety, and guilt
o Environmental- work related stress, family issues, gender role expectations.

Goals of TherapyExplore their beliefs about creating a family
Identify and explore feelings and reactions to infertility
Create a support system
Provide educational materials related to medical procedures
Assist partners in communication about sexual relationship