Friday, November 14, 2014

Family Therapy for Substance Abuse Disorders

■ Family Risk and Protective Factors for Substance Abuse o Relationship factors such as parent-adolescent attachment consistently predict adolescent drug use across cultures.
o Parenting practices such as low monitoring, ineffective discipline, and poor communication are also implicated in substance problems among youth.

■ Family based interventions for adolescent substance abuse o Family based interventions have been found to have superior treatment effects on levels of adolescent drug use compared to individual therapy.

■ Family based interventions for adult substance abuse o It has been concluded from meta analysis of family therapy for drug abuse that family interventions work equally well for adults and adolescents and that family therapy studies with adults and adolescents tend to be of good design quality, show better results than non-family approaches, and with adult narcotic addicts, are cost effective components of methadone maintenance.

■ Family based interventions with adult alcoholics o Behavioral family therapy techniques have also been adapted in designing interventions aimed at increasing engagement of substance abusers into treatment by mobilizing family support,

■ Family based interventions with adult drug abusers o Family based engagement interventions for adult drug abusers are also gaining empirical support.
o Preliminary evidence for the success of engagement interventions with family members and significant others suggest that interventions hold promise for enlisting these natural supports to motivate drug abusers into treatment.