Tuesday, September 9, 2014

Individually based theory and therapy models

Experiential Therapy

Aim of Existential Therapy

■ Rejects deterministic outlook on mankind

■ People are free and responsible for their choices and actions

■ People are the authors of their lives

■ Existential therapy encourages clients to:
o Reflect on life
o Recognize range of alternatives
o Decide among them

Goal
o Help clients recognize ways they passively accepted circumstances and surrendered control
o Help clients to start to consciously shape their own lives by exploring options for creating a meaningful existence.


Tasks of the Therapist
■ Invite clients to recognize how they have allowed others to decide for them

■ Encourage clients to take steps toward autonomy

■ The Question o “Although you have lived in a certain pattern, now that you recognize the price of some of your ways, are you willing to consider creating a new pattern?”

■ Relationship between therapist and client
o Therapy is a journey taken by BOTH therapist and client
● The person to person relationship is key
● The relationship demands that therapists be in contact with their own phenomenological world
o The core of the therapeutic relationship
● Respect and faith in the client’s potential to cope.
● Sharing reactions with genuine concern and empathy