Sunday, September 21, 2014

Cognitive Behavioral Family Therapy

Key Concepts
◆        Behavior Exchange Theory
        o        Explanation of behavior in relationships as maintained by a ratio of costs to beliefs

◆        Classical Conditioning
        o        A form of respondent learning in which an unconditioned stimulus, such as food, which leads to an unconditioned response, such as salivation is paired with a condition stimulus, such as a bell, the result is that the bell will evoke the same response
        o        Used in behavior treatment of anxiety disorders

◆        Cognitive behavior therapy
        o        Treatment that emphasizes attitude changes as well as reinforcement of behavior.

◆        Contingencies of reinforcement
        o        The specific pattern of reinforcing, or punishing consequences of a behavioral sequence

◆        Contingency contracting
        o        A behavior therapy technique whereby agreements are mad between family members to exchange rewards for their desired behavior.       

◆        Contingency management
        o        Giving rewards and punishments based on children’s behavior

◆        Aversive control
        o        Using punishment and criticism to eliminate undesirable responses
        o        Commonly used in dysfunctional families

◆        Functional analysis of behavior
        o        In operant behavior therapy, a study of a particular behavior
                ■        What elicits it
                ■        What reinforces it

◆        Operant conditioning
        o        A form of learning whereby a person or animal is rewarded for performing a certain behavior
        o        The major approach is in most forms of behavior therapy

◆        Premack principle
        o        Using high probability behavior to reinforce low probability behavior

◆        Reinforcement
        o        An even, behavior, or object that increases the rate of a particular response
        o        A positive reinforcer is something that is added that increases the rate of a behavior.
        o        A negative reinforcer is something that is taken away that increases the rate of a behavior.
        o        Intermittent or irregular reinforcement is the most resistant to extinction.

◆        Role rehearsal
        o        The use of role playing, especially useful in couples therapy

◆        Schemas
        o        Cognitive constructions or core beliefs through which people filter their perceptions and structure their experience

◆        Social Learning Theory
        o        Understanding and treating behavior using principles from social and development psychology as well as from learning theory

◆        Systematic desensitization
        o        Gradual exposure to feared situations paired with relaxing

◆        Time out
        o        A behavioral technique for extinguishing undesirable behavior by removing the reinforcing consequences of hat behavior.
        o        Typically a child must sit in a corner or go to his/her room.

◆        Token Economy
        o        A system of rewards using points, which can be accumulated for reinforcing items or behaviors